Glaucoma

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Glaucoma

What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is the leading cause of vision loss in the United States today. Many times, this eye condition goes unnoticed with no symptoms present. Glaucoma can occur at any age but commonly, tends to develop in older people. Glaucoma is an eye disorder that causes damage to the optic nerve which is the vital nerve that allows for us to see. Damage to the optic nerve is caused by extra fluid building up in the front part of the eye, thus causing increased pressure in the eye damaging the optic nerve and eventually leading to blindness if left untreated. At Menger Eye Centre, we offer early detection and effective treatment plans tailored to meet patient needs.

Types of Glaucoma

There are two major types of glaucoma;

  • Primary open-angle glaucoma; this occurs when the eye does not drain the excess fluid causing pressure to build in the eye. This is the most common type of glaucoma that develops gradually over time. Usually, during the early stages, this type of glaucoma causes no pain and no changes in vision causing it to be a delayed diagnosis.
  • Angle-closure glaucoma; this occurs when the drainage angle of the eye becomes narrow causing fluid blockage resulting in increased pressure in the eye. Symptoms may occur, such as, intense eye pain followed by a headache, blurred vision, nausea and seeing halos around lit objects. This type of glaucoma requires immediate medical attention since blindness can occur if left untreated.

Diagnosis and treatment of Glaucoma at Menger Eye Centre

Since glaucoma portrays no symptoms during its early stages of development, at Menger Eye Centre we offer a complete eye exam with a glaucoma screening to determine the pressure in the eye. At Menger Eye Centre a complete exam consists of;

  • Measuring eye pressure and thickness of cornea
  • Examining the drainage angle of the eye
  • Evaluating the optic nerve
  • Testing the visual field in both eyes as well as the peripheral vision

Unfortunately, since glaucoma is a disease that causes permanent damage to the optic nerve, it cannot be reversed. However, ophthalmologists at Menger Eye Centre can offer treatment options to slow down and control the progression of glaucoma.
At Menger Eye Centre, we offer both surgical and therapeutic approaches to treating glaucoma.In order to lower eye pressure, eye drops will be prescribed to take regularly several times a day. Oral medications may also be prescribed to decrease the production of fluid in the eye.
Laser surgery proves to be effective in treating open-angle glaucoma since it enhances the drainage function to control the eye pressure.

At Menger Eye Centre, Dr. Peter Menger and his team aim to establish a treatment plan that improves the overall quality of life of our patients. We are committed in educating our patients and younger generations about the importance of undergoing regular eye exams so that diseases like glaucoma can be prevented early on.